Discomfort, abdominal swelling, constipation and diarrhea, and pains in the stomach are all common symptoms of gastrointestinal disorders, and it affects a whopping 70 million adults. Despite being a disease that does not require hospitalization or surgery, irritable bowel syndrome can significantly compromise the quality of life.
What Is Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
It is one of the most frequent causes of constipation, annoying abdominal pains, and bloating brooklyn ny experts say. The symptoms occur as a result of mis-communication between the nervous system and the muscles of the intestine. This can cause the intestine to be “irritated” or become more sensitive. The muscles of the intestinal wall can contract too strongly or too weakly, too slowly or even too quickly at certain times. Although there is no physical obstruction, a patient typically begins to experience abdominal cramping.
Some researchers believe that this situation is due to an alteration of the nerves that control muscle contractions. Other experts believe that the central nervous system controls all points, including the sensitivity of the intestines. Moreover, given that women represent two thirds of people with this pathology, experts believe that hormonal changes play an important role.
Symptoms and Causes of Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Most people with Irritable Bowel Syndrome usually experience abdominal pains, bloating, and changes in bowel habits (diarrhea, and constipation). A mix of hard and soft stools in a single day are typical, and constipation alternating with diarrhea can last for weeks.
The cause of an irritable colon is not completely known. In addition to having an altered behavior of the muscular movements in the intestine, researchers point out that intestinal reactivity to stress and specific foods can trigger IBS.
Experts say, often there is marked pain sensitivity and bloating after eating, especially meals that include fatty foods or those rich in compound sugars.
Foods that Trigger Sensitivities in the Intestine
Some foods seem to influence the symptoms of this disease, but in general, experts agree that a balanced diet, rich in fiber can alleviate many of the symptoms. Among the foods to avoid is citrus fruits, which is said to irritate the intestines, coffee and all caffeinated beverages, red meat, butter, fried foods, and dairy. In particular, soluble fibers offer indirect help to the intestine by promoting the growth of protective flora (probiotic action), as well as regulating intestinal function and reducing inflammation.
Furthermore, recent studies have demonstrated the benefits of using probiotics and prebiotics in people with irritable bowel syndrome. Probiotics are living micro-organisms (lactobacilli and bifidobacteria) that can lead to a reduction in gas production and therefore reduce bloating and abdominal pains. Prebiotics are useful both in boosting the immune systems and balancing the intestinal flora.
General Dietetic Recommendation to Diminish Symptoms
- Good hydration of the body. a correct water balance is important to ensure a soft consistency of the stool.
- Prefer simple meal preparations. Choose steaming, grilled, grilled, grilled, baked or baked meals.
- Avoid an unbalanced diet. Especially those too rich in fat, protein and poor or lacking in carbohydrates. Instead, follow a Mediterranean balanced diet with fruits, vegetables and fish.
Also, keep a food journal and over time, evaluate individual tolerance to foods. This will not only help you choose the best diet for your lifestyle, but also help you narrow down your trigger foods.